Fink Family Farm Bird List

Fink Family Farm Bird List

The only list I faithfully keep is a list of all the birds seen on our farm since we moved here in 1977. I thought it would be fun to ad...

Friday, May 29, 2015

Johnny's Puffin

For years Johnny has been scoping Haystack Rock off of Cape Kiwanda while I scour the cape tidal areas for Black Oystercatchers. For years he has sworn he has seen Tufted Puffins flying into crevices on either side of a "shield-shaped rock". I couldn't see anything and couldn't believe there was a space big enough for a bird to fly into.

Yesterday, May 28, he brought the scope to where I was sitting watching two BLOY below me and wondering if they were going to nest on the Rock this year. "Look at where I've been seeing them. They have been sticking their heads out of holes on either side of that rock. You can see white on their heads and red below."

Red below?

I looked and saw nothing. He said they were not doing it right then. But he had taken photos with his camera. At home, I put the photos on the camera and... he was right. The photos are awful but you can see red feet (his "red below"), black body and white head with maybe a tinge of red where the bill should be. It's a lousy photo, but I do believe he finally has his photo of a Tufted Puffin on Haystack Rock.

shield-shaped rock with puffin on the right top

Johnny took lots of photos... I can see those red feet!

shield-shaped rock when I took a photo... no puffin

Johnny's puffin up close and blurry

puffins both sides, top of rock

puffins closer, sort of

To see these elusive creatures, look at the Rock from the parking area, wheelchair ramp or beach. The ledge, low on the east side, facing the beach, is obvious. Centered above it is Johnny's "shield-shaped rock". I don't know if it's shield shaped but it is a flattish obvious rock with crevices on either side. Note the size of gulls sitting on the ledge to give yourself an idea of how tiny those puffins are going to look. The Rock is a mile off shore.

Cape Kiwanda's Haystack Rock

the ledge, low on rock with shield-shaped rock above it

ledge and rock closer... note the size of that gull left

 Good luck looking... and if you get a better photo of one of "Johnny's puffins", Johnny would love to see it.

I'm glad he finally got his photo and I finally got to see what he was seeing (via his photos). But Black Oystercatchers are much easier... and closer... to see and photograph. Here are the ones I was watching on the cape yesterday.

Friday, May 15, 2015

Tiny gull/tern?

 We saw this little bird I thought was a tern on the beach at Cape Kiwanda today, 5/15/15, associating with Western Gulls. Now I'm wondering if it is some kind of wee gull. (I'm clueless about beach birds other than the Black Oystercatchers that we were surveying today.) What is it? It appeared to us to be about 1/3rd the size of the gulls. It was limping a bit on one leg but getting around fine and seemed quite comfortable with its large companions and not spooky as I stood nearby taking a zillion photos of it.

Update: Dave Irons has now answered the question so here is his method of sorting through species, and why this bird is a Bonaparte's Gull, followed by my photos.

Dave says: "Aside from Black Tern, which is essentially all black in Spring/Summer, there
is no tern species in North America that has an all black hood, thus
terns can be categorically eliminated from consideration.

There are just six species of small to medium-sized black-headed gray-backed
gulls that regularly occur in North America. All six (Bonaparte's,
Little, Black-headed, Sabine's, Laughing and Franklin's) have occurred
in Oregon.

Three of these (Laughing, Little and Black-headed)are quite rare in the state at any season, so unless you saw field marksthat clearly point to one of those species, they can be quickly ruled
out. During the spring/summer breeding season both Laughing and Black-headed Gulls have red bills as adults (winter adults and young birds have white heads or dingy grayish heads). Your bird has a black
bill, which quickly reduces the pool of candidates down from six to four. Adult Little Gulls have short wingtips that are pale gray to white, not black like your bird, so now we are down to three potential
species. Sabine's Gull is most often seen offshore as a migrant, with a few inland records every year in the Fall and sometimes inshore during Spring. Sabine's has a distinctive pale yellow tip on the bill in its
adult plumage, plus its head is not jet black...more grayish or brownish-gray. After removing Sabine's Gull from consideration, we are down to two potential candidates.

The two most frequently encountered black-headed gull species in Oregon are Bonaparte's and
Franklin's. Franklin's is a prairie/Great Basin breeder that is mostly found east of the Cascades. A few stray west of the Cascades and/or move north and south along the outer coast in migration. Franklin's is larger than Bonaparte's and when in full black-headed alternate/breeding plumage it has a conspicuous dark red bill that is fairly thick. It's clear from your photos that your bird has thin, all-blackish bill, which takes Franklin's out of consideration.

By a fairly simple process of elimination, the cast of potential species that fit your bird
can be whittled down from six to one...Bonaparte's Gull. Not surprisingly, Bonaparte's is far and away the most expected small black-headed gull in western Oregon at any season. Bonaparte's are
common spring migrants along the coast. From late April well into May Bonaparte's can be seen passing near shore by the hundreds or even thousands (on rare occasions).

Bonapartes Gulls are noticeably smaller than even the smallest regularly-occurring white-headed gull
(Mew). In adult alternate plumage they have a solid or nearly solid black head, a thin, all-black bill, a medium to pale gray mantle and folded wings, and black wingtips that extend past the tail. These
primary field marks for Bonaparte's Gull can all be seen in your photos."

Mitch Ratzlaff offered this also helpful response: First summer Bonaparte gull in my humble opinion. Legs do look darker than normal, but everything else looks good. Bill is correct size, shape and color. Mantle is right color. Eye rings (partial) look right for Bonies.

Thanks to both Dave and Mitch. I know now that just because a gull-type bird is tiny doesn't mean it's a tern. I'm making progress!